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Dialysis is the process of removing excess watersolutes and toxins from the blood in those whose native kidneys have lost the ability to perform these functions in a natural way. This is referred to as renal replacement therapy.
Dialysis may be used in those with rapidly developing loss of kidney function, called acute kidney injury or slowly worsening kidney function, called Stage 5 chronic kidney disease.Dialysis is used as a temporary measure in either acute kidney injury or in those awaiting kidney transplant and as a permanent measure in those for whom a transplant is not indicated or not possible. In Great Britain, dialysis is paid for by the government for those that are eligible. The first successful dialysis was performed in 1943.

In research laboratories, dialysis technique can also be used to separate molecules based on their size. Additionally, it can be used to balance buffer between sample and the solution"dialysate" that the sample is in. For dialysis in a laboratory semipermeable membrane is used as a tube made of sentetik materials where pore size can vary according to the size separation required. Control over pore size allows a better separation between small molecules while leaving large molecules of interest inside. Solvents, ions diffuse easily through the pores while leaving the big molecules behind and separate.In protein purification technique dialysis is used to exchange buffers, loose smaller proteins that can pass through the pores, dilutions of concentrated salts, while leaving the protein of interest inside the semipermeable membrane separated.

The National Health Service provides dialysis in the United Kingdom. In England the service is commissioned by NHS England. About 23,000 patients use the service each year. NHS paid the cost of holiday dialysis in overseas. 

Turkmed Dialysis Centers founded in 1997 in ıstanbul by Dr Basri YILMAZ, and now the group offers treatment service of 50.000 dialysis sessions annually to more than 350 patient who from different European countries. Turkmed Dialysis Centers have 65 hemodialysis and hemodiafiltration machines with Double RO Water Purification System.